FEMA authority approves India’s biggest fund seizure order – Rs.5551 crore of Chinese firm Xiaomi by ED

ED had issued the order of seizure on April 29 under the FEMA and later sent it for approval of the competent authority

ED had issued the order of seizure on April 29 under the FEMA and later sent it for approval of the competent authority
ED had issued the order of seizure on April 29 under the FEMA and later sent it for approval of the competent authority

Big win for ED in seizure order case against Chinese firm Xiaomi

In a big win for the Enforcement Directorate (ED), the competent authority under the Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA) on Friday approved an order of seizure of over Rs.5,551 crore worth of deposits of Chinese mobile phone manufacturer Xiaomi. This is the highest amount frozen to date in India. ED, the anti-money laundering agency charged the Chinese phone maker with remitting foreign currency equivalent to Rs.5,551.27 crore to three entities — one Xiaomi Group company and two US-based unrelated entities — in the guise of royalty.

The Enforcement Directorate (ED) had first issued the order of seizure of these bank deposits on April 29 under the FEMA and later sent it for approval of the competent authority, as required under the law that regulates foreign exchange violations in the country[1]. “The competent authority appointed under Section 37A of the FEMA has confirmed the seizure order of Rs.5551.27 crore (dated 29.04.2022) passed by the Directorate of Enforcement against Xiaomi Technology India Private Limited under the provisions of FEMA,” said ED in a statement, adding that “this is the highest amount of seizure order in India which has been confirmed by the authority till date.”

The agency later tweeted about their highest seizure approval by the competent authority under FEMA.

A competent authority under FEMA is an officer appointed by the Central government to adjudicate an ED seizure order issued under the law. Such an officer should not be below the rank of a Joint Secretary. The authority, it said, while confirming the seizure order held that the ED is “right in holding” that foreign exchange equivalent to Rs.5,551.27 crore has been transferred out of India by Xiaomi India in an “unauthorized” manner and is held outside India on behalf of the group entity in contravention of Section 4 of the FEMA.

The agency charged that Xiaomi India did not avail of any service from the three foreign-based entities to whom such amounts have been transferred. “Under the cover of various unrelated documentary facade created amongst the group entities, the company remitted this amount in the guise of royalty abroad which constitute a violation of Section 4 of the FEMA.”

“The company also provided misleading information to the banks while remitting the money abroad,” it said. The agency said the competent authority also observed that the payment of royalty is nothing but a tool to transfer the foreign exchange out of India and the same is in “blatant violation” of the provisions of FEMA.

Xiaomi started its operations in India in the year 2014 and started remitting the money from the year 2015, the probe found. The company has remitted foreign currency equivalent to INR 5,551.27 crore to three foreign-based entities which include one Xiaomi Group entity in the guise of royalty.

“Such huge amounts in the name of royalties were remitted on the instructions of their Chinese parent group entities. The amount remitted to other two US-based unrelated entities were also for the ultimate benefit of Xiaomi group entities,” it said. Xiaomi India is a trader and distributor of mobile phones in India under the brand name MI. It procures completely manufactured mobile sets and other products from manufacturers in India. Xiaomi India had also filed a writ petition before the Karnataka High Court against the order issued by the ED in April, which the agency said, was “dismissed” by the court on July 5.


[1] ED seizes Rs.5,551 crore of Chinese mobile phone manufacturer Xiaomi for forex violations in IndiaApr 30, 2022, PGurus.com

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