[dropcap color=”#008040″ boxed=”yes” boxed_radius=”8px” class=”” id=””]T[/dropcap]he Goods and Services Tax (GST) can have an adverse affect on a group of companies that GST terms as Service Exporters. Imagine an Indian company (let us call it as Alpha Imports) that is representing the interests of a Foreign product manufacturer, who makes say high precision cutting tools. A number of German companies specialize in this niche and such tools are used in any number of infrastructure projects – a metro railway line or a Heavy Electricals plant and so on.
It needs to be borne in mind that if Alpha establishes itself in Dubai’s DMCC Free Zone, its corporate tax and income tax of its employees is 0%!
Till date Alpha Imports would book the business from its customers in India and then place the order on the Foreign Product manufacturer, using a process known as a Letter of Credit (LC). This LC has to be opened by the bank of the Indian customer, which in turn Alpha Imports relays to the Foreign Product manufacturer, whose Bank will then allow the shipment to take place. This arrangement has been in place for years now. Once the shipment is made, Alpha Imports gets its agency commission (a certain percentage of the shipping price of the product) which is essentially its revenues. Since Alpha is incorporated in India, it pays a corporate tax of 34% on its taxable income.
The GST bill now wants to tax such companies, which it labels as “Exporter of Foreign Services” an additional 18%. The net tax bracket for these companies now becomes 18+34 = 52%! Alpha Imports is balking at its ballooning tax bill and is wondering if it should re-locate itself to a third, less taxed country such as Dubai or Singapore from where they can operate with a significantly reduced tax footprint. From a year back, an additional Service Tax of 14% is being levied on these companies (so they are at 48% currently).
These companies have written to their Member of Parliament but no action appears to be forthcoming. They want this removed on Export of Marketing Services provided to Overseas Principals because of the following reasons:
This will result in double taxation on FOREX commission earned by such Service Exporters, as it forms part of the value of goods imported into India, on which also, IGST will be payable anyway by the importer.
Is against the fundamental principle of GST i. e. ‘destination based consumption tax’ – IGST on commission will have to be borne by service provider, as they cannot pass on the same to their overseas customer (service recipient).
It is against the international practice of not levying GST / VAT on Service Exporters.
Alpha’s (and similar companies of this category) move to a foreign country would result in loss of jobs in India and corporate and income taxes of the employees working in these companies. This will also lead to a loss of after sales support for the Indian companies, which may need training in the operation and maintenance of these products, most of which are expensive.
It is important to note that this 18% tax is not levied on Indian exporters (think the process in the opposite direction). Is this a sleight of hand to tax imports?
It is hoped that the GST Council, which is meeting in Srinagar today and tomorrow will exempt this service from GST Taxation. It needs to be borne in mind that if Alpha establishes itself in Dubai’s DMCC Free Zone, its corporate tax and income tax of its employees is 0%!