P-2: Revival of Sanskrit – Roadblocks and Strategy

The roadblocks in promoting Sanskrit

Revival of Sanskrit
Revival of Sanskrit

Part 1 of this series can be ‘accessed ‘ here. This is part 2.

In this part, I will look at how others like the Chinese defend their language and then discuss what Shri. Sastry and I saw to be the problems faced when trying to promote Sanskrit.

Chinese Strategy of Defence:
[dropcap color=”#008040″ boxed=”yes” boxed_radius=”8px” class=”” id=””]I[/dropcap] want modern Sanskrit scholars to be aware of the Chinese way of defence against the penetration of Western thought. China has been able to resist mental colonization. Starting from 5th-7th century, Chinese rulers have always worked to translate western thought into Mandarin. This is an actively supported activity. This means that Chinese scholars have always been abreast of the prevalent Western schools of thought. This then implies that they will teach their students about what the contemporary western thought is, thus always help them be equipped to respond to these evolving trends. China, therefore, has kept alive its own ‘Purva Paksh – Uttar Paksh’, whereas our scholars are sharing Bharat’s knowledge with the West and feeling proud just because the West takes interest in translating this knowledge. These scholars think that it is because they are good that the westerners are coming to them but in reality, it is nothing but the deep inferiority complex of Indians that is in operation.

Actually, admirers of Sanskrit must lobby with the state government for introducing grammar through language teaching method in the primary schools or pathashalas under their control

Lobbying with State Government:
Shri. Sastry highlighted a particular problem that one can perceive when in the field. People assume that it is always the Central Government of India that has to take the blame if Sanskrit is not promoted. In reality, the picture is slightly different. No one points out the responsibilities of the of State government. The maximum number of primary institutions, schools or traditional pathashalas are controlled by the state government. Actually, admirers of Sanskrit must lobby with the state government for introducing grammar through language teaching method in the primary schools or pathashalas under their control.

1. “Who are you to challenge us?” attitude of ‘Purvapakshin’ (opponent in the debate):-
Western ‘Purvapakshins’, lofty figures, such as Sheldon Pollock, Wendy Doniger, Paul Courtright, Sarah Caldwell etc. do not participate in any debate even after being sent multiple invitations. They think of themselves as being beyond any kind of debate or challenge, so they do not give any responses. In my opinion, this arrogance is one of the major roadblocks in conducting quality forums.

2. Where is the bridge?
There is a big gap between traditional Sanskrit and modern convent educated scholars. Traditional scholars are often not aware of contemporary issues or agendas; some scholars do not even know English, whereas, modern scholars are not well versed with ‘Sastra’ and have no knowledge of Sanskrit. Further, even those whose medium of instruction is English are ignorant about complicated jargon and terminologies used by western Indologists. One needs a deep and detailed understanding of Western thought and their thinkers like Giambattista Vico, Walter Benjamin etc to make sense of their theories. It requires ‘tapasya’, very hard work to understand the western framework.

3. All risks, no gain
Scholars who have the capacity and expertise are already working on the opposite side, on the payroll of the Western Academy and they do not want to jeopardise their lucrative careers or trips abroad for conferences and huge paychecks. Even if someone is interested in joining the Insider team, there is no career growth or good remuneration for him/her in India. Though conference like Swadeshi Indology can be organised, it requires far more resources, funds and manpower to organise such conferences internationally. With the limited funds available, only this much can be accomplished.

4. Where are the resources?
If a suitable remuneration or stipend can be offered, then to find good scholars with sharp analytical skills, who can build an argument, who can present well in large-scale national or international seminars and have good eloquence, is very difficult. Scholars with such competence are extremely hard to come by.

5. Attitude matters
Many established and renowned scholars have lofty egos. They are overconfident and do not want to do detailed work. They can only lecture and offer speeches in various seminars, whereas renowned western scholars like Sheldon Pollock, Wendy Doniger etc. are producing books after books and publishing high calibre, well-referenced research papers.
Some want to live with the old glory of Sanatan Dharma and do not feel like taking any initiative like ‘Purva Paksh’ is required. Neither do they have the capability to produce any original piece of work nor are they capable of analysing certain opponents. They hide their laziness behind ‘Sanatan Dharma can’t be destroyed’ type of statements.
So, questions like: how does one handle these types of insiders, how does one organize them, and how does one solve these internal issues are the prime roadblocks in reviving Sanskrit.

[dropcap color=”#008040″ boxed=”yes” boxed_radius=”8px” class=”” id=””]T[/dropcap]here is a silver lining however as Shri Sastry pointed out to me. There are now many young robust scholars being developed in places like Goa, Bangalore, Chennai and Varanasi who are very rooted in the tradition and have an excellent hold over Sanskrit and its many dimensions. What is required is to now empower them to take on the might of Western scholarship with the help of what I can offer in the form of our swadeshi Indology conferences to which I heartily invite them. Samskrita Bharati has been a very staunch and committed supporter of my initiatives and I am sure we can make our collaboration even wider and impactful in the coming years.

1. The views expressed here are those of the author and do not necessarily represent or reflect the views of PGurus.

Born in 1950, Rajiv Malhotra is an Indian American researcher, writer, speaker and public intellectual on current affairs as they relate to civilizations, cross-cultural encounters, religion and science. He studied physics at St. Stephens College in Delhi and went for post-graduate studies in physics and then computer science to the USA. Rajiv served in multiple careers, including: software development executive, Fortune 100 senior corporate executive, strategic consultant, and successful entrepreneur in the information technology and media industries. At the peak of his career when he owned 20 companies in several countries, he took early retirement at age 44 to pursue philanthropy, research and public service. He established Infinity Foundation for this purpose in 1994.

Rajiv has conducted original research in a variety of fields and has influenced many other thinkers in India and the West. He has disrupted the mainstream thought process among academic and non-academic intellectuals alike, by providing fresh provocative positions on Dharma and on India. Some of the focal points of his work are: Interpretation of Dharma for the current times; comparative religion, globalization, and India’s contributions to the world.

He has authored hundreds of articles, provided strategic guidance to numerous organizations and has over 300 video lectures available online. To best understand Rajiv'sthoughts and contributions, his books are a good resource. Besides Invading the Sacred, in which Rajiv is the main protagonist, he has authored the following game changing books:

Being Different: An Indian Challenge to Western Universalism
Breaking India: Western Interventions in Dravidian and Dalit Faultlines; and
Indra's Net: Defending Hinduism's Philosophical Unity
The Battle for Sanskrit: Is Sanskrit Political or Sacred, Oppressive or Liberating, Dead or Alive?
Academic Hinduphobia: A Critique of Wendy Doniger's Erotic School of Indology

Currently, Rajiv Malhotra is the full-time founder-director of Infinity Foundation in Princeton, NJ. He also serves as Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Center for Indic Studies at the University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth, and is adviser to various organizations.

Infinity Foundation has given more than 400 grants for research, education and community work. It has provided strategic grants to major universities in support of pioneering programs including: visiting professorships in Indic studies at Harvard University, Yoga and Hindi classes at Rutgers University, research and teaching of nondualistic philosophies at University of Hawaii, Global Renaissance Institute and a Center for Buddhist studies at Columbia University, a program in religion and science at University of California, endowment for the Center for Advanced Study of India at University of Pennsylvania, lectures at the Center for Consciousness Studies at University of Arizona.

Rajiv Malhotra inspired the idea of Swadeshi Indology Conference. The first ever Swadeshi Indology Conference was held at IIT, Chennai from July 6 to July 8, 2016. This conference hosted well-researched papers that highlighted the discrepancies and mistranslations in the studies of Indology done by Prof. Sheldon Pollock. This conference is the first of a series of conferences that have been planned to address multiple issues raised by Western Indologists requiring astute examination, analyses and rejoinders, culminating in a published volume with a selection of papers.

Another major initiative of the Infinity Foundation is the HIST series. The HIST (History of Indian Science and Technology) series is a compilation of multi-Volume History of Indian Science and Technology based only on solid academic scholarship, and not on wild extrapolations. To accomplish this, each volume was subjected to rigorous peer reviews. The following volumes have already been published and printed as part of this IF project:

1. Marvels of Indian Iron Through the Ages
2. Indian Zinc Technology in Global Perspective
3. Water Management and Hydraulic Engineering in India
4. History of Metals in Eastern India and Bangladesh
5. Harappan Architecture and Civil Engineering
6. Beginning of Agriculture and Domestication in India
7. History of Iron Technology in India
8. Indian Beads History and Technology
9. Himalayan Traditional Architecture
10. Animal Husbandry and Allied Technologies in Ancient India
11. Harappan Technology and Its Legacy
12. Reflection on The History of Indian Science and Technology
13. Chalcolithic South Asia: Aspects of Crafts and Technologies
14. Traditional Water Management

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  1. In another article please suggest ways and means to use Sanskrit as a language of the masses, of all Indians, not only as a language of Hindu priests, how to reward/award scholars to wan them from western inclinations, role to be played by the Central/State Govts and the changes to be brought about in education curricula.
    Hopefully a popular mass movement on Behalf of all Indians for Sanskrit as a useable language for career and earning livelihood may achieve the objective.


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