How partition changed Rama Rajya principles
Before Independence, India, and Pakistan had one single Constituent Assembly, and the Objectives Resolution based on the concept of Rama Rajya was adopted in January 1947 which is now part of Article 26 Deity Rights; wherein the illustrious religious leaders in India helped in drafting it to protect Constitutional Rama Rajya. Unfortunately, after partition, Pakistan had a separate Constitution and different Objectives Resolution not based on Rama Rajya principles. The Pakistan Constitution had given a go by to the thousands of years old proven ancient wisdom of this land “धर्म एव हतो हन्ति धर्मो रक्षति रक्षितः । तस्माद्धर्मो न हन्तव्यो मा नो धर्मो हतोऽवधीत् II” which is rule of Dharma or Rama Rajya.
The Pakistan Constitution Art 2A reads– “The Objectives Resolution to form part of substantive provisions The principles and provisions set out in the Objectives Resolution reproduced in the Annex are hereby made substantive part of the Constitution and shall have effect accordingly.”
“Whereas Sovereignty over the entire universe belongs to God alone, and the authority to be exercised by the people of Pakistan within the limits prescribed by Him is a sacred trust;” (the word God later changed to Allah)..subject to law…“
The recent installation of Sengol in Parliament by Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Damodardas Modi ji and the resolution of Article 363 Constitutional Rama Rajya dispute based on Rama Rajya Objectives Resolution shows how visionary our leaders were, who drafted Article 26 of the constitution. This becomes, even more, clearer when we compare it with Art 2A of Pakistan. It brings to light how Article 26 protects Rama Rajya in Bharat in Deity Rights and the same article also applies principles of Rama Rajya and gives protection to all religious denominations equally unlike Article 2A of Pakistan. It is interesting that Article 26 itself was inserted in our Constitution by HH Kanchi Paramacharya and worded by Dr. Ambedkar, who belongs to the devout Tiruppan Alwar Ammal community. This is further clear from the historic speech of Dr. Radhakrishnan where he explains the Objectives Resolution of the Bharat Constituent Assembly and Rama Rajya principles as under:
“We have held that the ultimate sovereignty rests with the moral law, with the conscience of humanity. People as well as kings are subordinate to that. Dharma, righteousness, is the king of kings Dharmam Kshatrasya Kshatram. It is the ruler of both the people and the rulers themselves….”
From the above, it is evident that devotional religious leaders and Tiruppan Alwar Ammal community leaders put in very significant efforts to protect Dharma in the constitution via Article 26. Even though the 26th amendment of the Constitution deleted Article 362 (the rights of erstwhile rulers) the Rama Rajya guarantee of Constituent Assembly continues to be enforceable by Shri Padmanabha Swamy Ruler Deity under Art 26. Thrippadidanam obligation is to be understood as property donation certified by Shri Thanthri Padmanabha Swamy temple given that Deeparadhana is first done to Shri Rama Sannidhi before the main Deity “From today I and those associated with me who are my relatives or who belong to my State and all that is material in the State are now consecrated to Sree Padmanabha Swamy…until Chandra and Surya exist, “Dharmaasmatkuladaivatam” i.e. Dharma alone will be our kuladeva… For this State King is Sree Padmanabha and we are only your representatives and that too as Daasa and would administer the State”, and therefore the word “property” takes a much wider meaning as defined in Ramayana by Bharata with a minor modification “राज्यं च वयं च रामस्य धर्मं वक्तुमिहार्हसि” which means We The People & Bharat (inclusive of all living beings) belong to Shri Rama Raja Ruler Deity & His property and law in Article 26 (d) when property defined as above takes the color of Dharma & duty of Supreme Court with यतो धर्मस्ततो जयः in the emblem to protect.” In a recent book “Bharat: India 2.0” by Shri Gautam R Desiraju (Grand son of Dr. S Radhakrishnan) it is recorded that “Maharaja Chitra Tirunal Balarama Varma who was by tradition ruling on behalf of Absolute, brought Constitution of India into operation in Travancore with the consent of Deity Padmanabha Swamy after being promised goal of Rama Rajya.”
It is now important for our government, which is trying to restore the pride of Bharat to strive to correct the (mis)interpretation of Article 26 by the Supreme Court in Sabarimala judgment. Since the draft notification to restore Deity Rights was blocked by Officials who never bothered to consult Hon’ble Former CJI Justice Venkatachaliah ji on this matter, it is important that the Hon’ble Attorney General should speak about the true position to the Supreme Court by using Article 76 power and responding to the invocation of Order 27A Rule 1.
1. Text in Blue points to additional data on the topic.
2. The views expressed here are those of the author and do not necessarily represent or reflect the views of PGurus.
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