Is the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) committing the same mistake in dealing with Multi Commodities Exchange (MCX), India’s top commodity bourse that it did by showing a lax attitude in investigating the National Stock Exchange (NSE) when a whistle-blower first blew the lid of the co-location scam in January 2015? At the heart of both NSE and MCX is the role of Ajay Shah, the consultant to the Finance Ministry during the Congress-led UPA regime but the capital market regulator’s careless approach to the happenings at both the exchanges have provided a perfect cover to Shah and the PC-led cabal operating with immunity in India’s financial markets.
If NSE was sharing data with Shah, which in Shah’s own words “could be a problem if revealed,” it has come to light that MCX too shared trading data with those closely linked to Shah in late-2016. Is this not reason enough for a deep and full-blown investigation into the matter? There exists an email exchange between two of the top MCX executives saying that ‘end of day data pipeline’ was being rolled out to Indira Gandhi Institute of Developmental Research (IGIDR), which is run mainly by Shah’s wife Susan Thomas.
In the last post NSE-MCX merger – The setup, PGurus detailed how SEBI’s order in co-location scam mainly involving NSE and key officials is much awaited to revive the talks of a merger deal and how subtle board level changes were in process to make good the deal, here we reveal SEBI’s kid-glove approach in dealing with the shenanigans at MCX.
Significance of exchange data – Ajay Shah’s confession
“But you have to swear everyone to silence on the fact that the data that we are getting out of NSE for VIX (volatility index) and LIX (liquidity risk index) is being used for algorithmic trading work — it would be a severe problem if this fact comes to light since NSE has not given anyone else this data,” Ajay Shah, wrote in a 2009 email.
The above-mentioned email is part of a SEBI report that indicts Shah for his role in the co-location and algo trading scam that rocked the NSE between 2010 and 2015. Shah’s sister-in-law, Sunita Thomas, is a founder-director of Infotech Financial and Chanakya Tradevistas that provided algo trading solutions and software to brokers. Sunita Thomas is married to Suprabhat Lala, who was chief of regulation and head of trading division at the NSE during 2010-13. These connections of Shah were well in the pubic domain in 2015 when first two whistle blower letters detailing NSE’s co-location scam surfaced and SEBI had even ordered an investigation into the scam. Yet, MCX, a supposedly first level regulator as an exchange, decided to share ‘data pipeline’ with IGIDR and its executives are now fending ignorance that they were not aware about Shah’s role at NSE co-location scam.
Also, the so-called ‘alert watchdog’ has conveniently turned a blind eye and gone easy on dubious happenings at MCX. A key reason for this is the stoic silence of top SEBI officials handling MCX as part of their portfolio. These are the same SEBI officials who worked under former FMC chairman Ramesh Abhishek and moved to SEBI after merger of the commodity regulator with SEBI. Readers of PGurus are by now well aware of how Abhishek was instrumental in invigorating and propping up the NSEL crises rather than showing interesting in solving it, which lead to change in ownership of MCX.
Is it not worth investigating as to on whose order was MCX sharing ‘data pipeline’ with IGIDR? A clinching evidence of this is an email from V Shunmugam, head research, MCX. The email sent to MCX MD and CEO Mrugank Paranjape is copied to MCX former chairman P K Singhal (on CC). Is it not worth knowing what Paranjape and Singhal have to say about sharing of data with IGIDR?
Shunmugam in his October 8, 2016 email to Paranjape titled meeting at ‘IGIDR’ regarding data undertaking and research proposal mentions “tech team is expected to roll out ‘pipeline’ and create flow before the end of next week as far as daily EOD (end of day) data is concerned.” Shunmugam was replying to an email from Paranjape in which the exchange chief was asking “update on IGIDR.”
Shunmugam has also said in his email that ‘data request from IIT and IIM were pending.’
A look at NSE’s co-location scam and Shah’s statement to SEBI in the matter will show that data pipeline is just like giving a pass key or login of servers to parties and thereby allow them to download full end of day data. This is crucial as it may not leave audit trail like sharing of data via hard disk, where one can know what was shared. How do you ensure client position confidentiality in such means of sharing data?
Shah told SEBI that apart from CD-ROMs and USB hard disks, they had an arrangement with the NSE to give them an IP address and password for downloading files directly (pipeline). When seen in this context does it not put MCX in the dock too for its method of sharing data? Where is SEBI’s show cause notice or its own investigation into the matter?
IGIDR was given access to MCX daily data at the end of 2016 on the pretext of a study on commodity transaction tax, which was implemented in 2012. Does this not arouse suspicion enough?
A customary audit was ordered by MCX when certain newspaper reports highlighted the matter after another whistle-blower letter started doing the rounds on ‘data pipeline’ but it is key MCX executives have not allowed full access to the forensic auditors of their emails, which includes Shunmugam. Does this not ring any bell with SEBI, which initially displayed a lax attitude even in NSE co-location matter by not ordering any full-scale investigations in the early months giving time to high profile accused to wipe-out traces of evidence?
A look at rise in salary of Shunmugam and a colossal rise in sitting fees paid to board members and frequency of meetings held will throw up other interesting angles. Allegations of trust run by certain board members of MCX getting money too have been flagged to SEBI by the whistle-blower. It is now learnt that certain top MCX officials who have quit the exchange as the controversy raged are eying role as DMD with NSE, which is not a key management person appointment and hence does not require SEBI approval. It remains to be seen if NSE wants to oblige.
Media reports of a scheme to remove Satyajeet Bolar, MCX vice-president, finance and accounts by shifting him to a subsidiary and calling his post redundant there (CFO in a clearing corporation is a Key Management Personnel (KMP) and requires SEBI intervention for appointment or removal), whistle-blower allegations of mismanagement including on exchange’s technology committee for contracts worth around Rs.20 crores to London based company PSEB for developing software for spot exchange (software was to be delivered by Dec 2018 and advance payment of about Rs.14 crores was made to vendor but the delivery of software is nowhere even in next 8 months), award of project office contracts to Capgemini and money paid by the exchange to trusts linked to a board member are all being brushed under the carpet while SEBI observes as a bystander. Does SEBI not want to question the MCX technology committee? Who headed this committee?
Sources say, SEBI was seeking details of board minutes after reports of NSE-MCX merger first surfaced in media in 2018. The MCX share price saw huge volatility and there were allegations of insider trading and front running too as neither MCX nor NSE issued any denial to the reports. While the circus at MCX continued, the operating income and trading volumes at the exchange have gone to the dogs in past three years and a deep study of the exchange balance-sheet and that of its 100% subsidiary MCX Clearing Corporation could reveal way higher spends. Surprisingly, shareholder directors on the board of MCX have even been made directors on the board of MCX subsidiary too. Why this undue favour? In the last post, PGurus wrote about MCX board members’ business dealings with NSE, it has now come to light that SEBI is already investigating money paid to the same board member by MCX for a directory related business. Conflict of interests galore. But will there be any action? Who in SEBI is responsible for looking at MCX as a portfolio?
 The law is the same for all – Did Ramesh Abhishek see it that way? Mar 23, 2019, PGurus.com
 MCX executive challenges dismissal from job – Mar 27, 2019, The Hindu Business Line