India publishes 2011 Census figures

Details of Census taken by India in 2011
Details of Census taken by India in 2011

PerformanceGurus Staff

New Delhi

In sheer percentage terms, the Muslim population  is on the rise in the country while the Hindu population is on the decline. According to the latest census data on religion, the  Muslim population has gone up by 0.8% and the Hindu population fallen  by 0.7% from 2001 when the last similar census was conducted.

Of the total population of 121.09 crores (1.21 billion),  Muslims constitute  17.22 crores (172.2 million)  up from 13.8 crores (138 million) from 2001 while the Hindu population stands at 96.63 crores (966.3 million).

According to the census data released on Tuesday,  in comparison  to a population percentage of 80.46 in 2001 , the Hindus now constitute 79.8% of the population while Muslims constitute 14.2%, 0.8% up from  13.4% in 2001.

As per the date released by the  Census department under Union Home Ministry,Christian population stands at 2.78 crores (2.3%); Sikh 2.08 crores (1.7%); Buddhist 0.84 crores (0.7%); Jain 0.45 crores (0.4%), Other religions and persuasions (ORP) 0.79 crores (0.7%) and religion not stated 0.29 crores (0.2%).

“The proportion of Hindu population to total population in 2011 has declined by 0.7 percentage point (PP); the proportion of Sikh population has declined by 0.2 PP and the Buddhist population has declined by 0.1 PP during the decade 2001-2011. The proportion of Muslim population to total population has increased by 0.8 PP. There has been no significant change in the proportion of Christians & Jains,”

– Statement by the Government of India

The census painted a grim picture of gender inequality. There has been decline in the  female population in both Hindu and Muslim communities. Of  the 121 crore population, 62.32 crore are males and  58.75 crore females.  In Hindus , males populations stands at  49.8 crore and females at  46.7 crore while among Muslims there are  8.82 crore males and  only 8.39 crore females.

Just like the Hindu population, the  proportion of Sikhs  population  declined by (0.2%) and   the Buddhist population  declined by 0.1% during the decade 2001-2011.

The overall growth rate of population in the decade 2001-2011 was 17.7%. The growth rate of population of the different religious communities in the same period was as Hindus: 16.8%; Muslim: 24.6%; Christian: 15.5%; Sikh: 8.4%; Buddhist: 6.1% and Jain: 5.4%.

Religion Numbers (Per cent of the population)
Hindus 96.63 crores (79.8 %)
Muslim 17.22 crore (14.2%)
Christian 2.78 crore (2.3%)
Sikh 2.08 crore (1.7%)
Buddhist 0.84 crore (0.7%)
Jain 0.45 crore (0.4%)
Other Religions & Persuasions (ORP) 0.79 crore (0.7%)
Religion Not Stated 0.29 crore (0.2%)

Growth rate

The growth rate of population in the decade 2001-2011 was 17.7%. The growth rate of population of the different religious communities in the same period was:

Religion Growth
Hindu 16.8%
Muslim 24.6%
Christian 15.5%
Sikh 8.4%
Buddhist 6.1%
Jain 5.4%

 

The statewise distribution is shown below:
Statewise details

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